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- Lord Macaulay (Man Reads at Rapid Speed) - Stories From The Clinic: 80. Fear - Case Reports, Histories and Letters - Cured
in One Visit - "The Swing" Poem - Questions and Answers
A MONTHLY MAGAZINE DEVOTED TO THE PREVENTION AND CURE OF
IMPERFECT SIGHT WITHOUT GLASSES
1. That a strain to see at the distance produces near-sightedness. Look at a Snellen test card at
twenty feet and read it as well as you can. Now strain or make an effort to see it better, and note that instead of becoming
better, it becomes worse.
2. That a strain to see at the near point does not increase near-sightedness, but always lessens
Modern teachers state that straining the eyes at any distance can cause blur at all distances. Use the eyes relaxed
at all distances for clear vision at close, middle, far distances.
Look at a card of fine print at six inches from your
eyes and read it as well as you can. Now make an effort to see it better, and note that your vision for the near point is
lowered, while the ability to read the fine print at a greater distance is improved.
3. That when a mental picture is
perfect with the eyes closed for part of a minute or longer, a perfect mental picture can be remembered, imagined, or seen
for a second or less with the eyes open.
Remember a black kitten. If your mental picture is gray or an imperfect black
with the eyes closed, imagine that you are pouring black ink or black dye over it. Note that the clearness of the mental picture
Look at a page of fine print. Then close your eyes and imagine the white spaces between the lines to be perfectly
white. If they appear to be a grayish white, imagine that you are painting the white spaces between the letters, inside the
letters, and between the lines, with white paint or whitewash. Then open your eyes for a fraction of a second and note that
the white spaces between the lines will appear whiter, if you do not make an effort to see either the black letters or the
By W. H. BATES, M.D.
LORD MACAULAY, who will always hold an eminent place among English men of
letters, was born October 25th, 1800 and died December 28th, 1859. Before he was 30 years of age, he became a member of the
House of Commons, and later held positions of trust and importance which required him to visit different parts of the world.
At one time he wrote a code of laws for the benefit of the people of India and devoted considerable time to the work.
Macaulay was said to be the most rapid reader on record, and had the ability to remember perfectly what he had read ten or
more years previously, without refreshing his memory by re-reading it. He was able to read a page of five hundred words in
one second. Not only could he remember the words that were spelled correctly, but also those words which were spelled incorrectly.
He was able to remember the page on which they could be found, the line of the page, the location of the words on the line,
and how each word was misspelled. For example, if the word "which" were misspelled, he could remember that it was
the fourth word on the fifth line on page 120, and that it was spelled "whiche." This seems a remarkable statement
to make, but I have had patients who became able to read almost as rapidly as Lord Macaulay after a course of eye education.
This training consisted of central fixation and the imagination of the halos, i.e., the white spaces inside the letters, between
the letters and between the lines of letters.
Central fixation is the ability to see best where you are looking and not
so clearly where you are not looking. This requires shifting from one part of an object to another part. To have perfect sight,
Lord Macaulay unconsciously practiced central fixation. If he had consciously tried to see a letter or to keep his attention
fixed on one part of a letter, or if he had tried to see all parts of a letter at once, his vision would have been imperfect.
To see the top of a letter perfectly, it was necessary for him to look at and see the top of the letter best, and the rest
of the letter not so well. To see each of the other sides perfectly, it was necessary for him to look at and see each side
best, and the rest of the letter not so well. Since the average number of letters in each word is five, he shifted four times
five, or twenty times, to see each word with maximum vision. To recognize five hundred words, it was therefore necessary,
for him to shift five hundred times twenty, or ten thousand times in one second.
microscopic, high frequency and other natural shifts, eye movements.)
In order to see perfectly, it is necessary
that one imagine perfectly. Macaulay remembered or imagined the white spaces between the lines to be whiter than they really
were. When the white spaces were imagined perfectly white, the black letters were imagined perfectly black, because the white
spaces could not be imagined perfectly, without the black being imagined perfectly at the same time. For the same reason,
when the blackness of the letters was imagined perfectly, the form of the letters was also imagined perfectly. It has been
demonstrated that trying (using effort, staring, squinting) to see the black letters is a conscious
strain, or is attended by a conscious strain, and always lowers the vision.
It is a truth that one cannot remember a
letter perfectly unless it has been seen perfectly. When the memory for one letter is perfect, the memory for all letters
is also perfect. A letter cannot be imagined perfectly unless it has been remembered perfectly. It cannot be seen perfectly
unless it has been imagined perfectly. We see only what we imagine we see. The speed of reading is greatest when the vision
After a course of eye training, some of my
patients were able sub-consciously to remember large letters of the Snellen test card, which they had previously regarded,
without being conscious of distinguishing any of the letters. Many of these patients have become able to remember or imagine
small letters of the test card at thirty, forty, or fifty feet. I have had some patients glance for a few seconds at a page
of diamond type at ten feet or further, without consciously reading any of the letters. With their eyes closed and covered
with the palms of their hands, some of them became able to remember or imagine one or more letters of the fine print. They
must have unconsciously seen the fine print to have been able to imagine the letters, because one cannot imagine something
not remembered, and one cannot remember perfectly unless one has seen perfectly. Therefore, in order to imagine a letter perfectly,
it is necessary that the letter be seen previously, either consciously or unconsciously.
The method of rapid reading
practiced by Macaulay is invaluable and should be more widely employed.
Some types of speed reading
causes vision impairment
In my Writings I have remonstrated against the methods employed to teach rapid reading.
The usual procedure was to encourage the student to see all of the letters of a word at once, or to see all the letters of
a paragraph of words at the same time. This was accepted as the correct method and very intelligent scholars have recommended
it. My research work has proved that there is nothing more injurious to the eyes than to make an effort to see a whole letter
or a whole word, all parts equally well. If one looks at the first letter of a word, the last letter is not seen perfectly
at the same time. If an effort is made, the whole word becomes blurred and may not be distinguished. The stronger the effort
that is made, the more injurious it is to the mind and eyes.
In the public schools of the City of New York, teachers
are advised to practice this method of rapid reading with young children. Although the result is unsatisfactory, many teachers
still persist in their efforts to teach the impossible. It is interesting to know that children who have perfect mental pictures
of letters, or other objects, have a normal memory or a memory that is just as perfect for letters or objects. The scholarship
of such children is much better than that of others whose memory or mental pictures are imperfect. A number of school children
have told me that at the time of their examinations, they could read a question on the blackboard and have no conception of
what the answer might be, but if they closed their eyes and remembered the first letter of the question perfectly, it helped
them to remember the answer to the question.
One teacher with a class of children who were mentally deficient, found
that the practice of central fixation, palming, and the use of the imagination was of great benefit to the minds of those
children. A school teacher in Chicago has made a practice of teaching her pupils how to imagine things perfectly, with the
result that no matter how ignorant they may be, at the beginning of the school term, it is not long before they become able
to make the same progress as other children in the rapid advancement classes.
The dean of the department of metaphysics
of one of our prominent universities came to me and complained that he was suffering with all kinds of mental and eye troubles
because he had lost the power of concentration. The strain was so great that he was compelled to give up his work. Glasses
were of no benefit. He demonstrated that to concentrate on one letter or one part of a letter it was necessary for him to
make an effort, and in a few seconds his vision became very imperfect.
With perfect sight, no effort is made and the
eyes and mind are at rest. There is no fatigue, and one can read with great rapidity for many hours continuously, without
being conscious of having eyes.
Looking down to read, head, neck bent down, lowers blood, oxygen
flow to the brain, eyes, lowers the memory, imagination, brain function, clarity of vision. Use a book holder to keep the
head, neck up straight.
from the Clinic
No. 80: FEAR
EMILY C. LIERMAN
FEAR is one of the many symptoms
which accompanies imperfect sight. This is more noticeable in adults than in children. If pain results from imperfect vision,
the fear is much greater. Many of our patients have been to other clinics, or other doctors, and were told that if glasses
were not worn, they would go blind. Sometimes they were told that they had an organic disease of the eyes, such as glaucoma,
iritis, keratitis, atrophy of the optic nerve, or cataract. The patient has cause to fear. It is my belief that the doctor
should tell his patient what the trouble is; but when he is not absolutely sure of his diagnosis, he commits an error in telling
the patient something which he himself would be afraid to hear. Such cases are numerous, and Dr. Bates and I both know that
they come to us feeling that it is their last hope. Their fear is always noticeable.
A case which is worth mentioning
is that of a woman over fifty years of age, who came with little hope of being cured. She had been treated and fitted with
glasses by several eye-specialists without any relief of pain or improvement in her sight. Two doctors who had examined her,
said that all her pain was caused by glaucoma, which she had in both eyes. She said that she had a constant fear of going
blind, and many times had a strong desire to end her life. The effort to conceal this desire from her family, who loved her
dearly, produced more tension and strain.
Dr. Bates examined her eyes thoroughly and said that there was no opacity of
the lens or other parts of either eye. Both optic nerve and retina were normal. Her vision of the test card, with each eye
separately, was 10/40. Although the letters were blurred, she could tell what they were. I noticed that she stared a great
deal as she explained her trouble to me. Since palming usually stops the stare with most patients, I taught her to palm, being
sure to keep up a steady flow of conversation in order to distract her attention from her eyes.
I knew that she had been
studying Dr. Bates' book, "Perfect Sight Without Glasses," and I asked her what she thought Doctor meant in his
book by mental pictures. She said that she had no mental pictures while her eyes were closed and covered. I knew then that
she made an effort to imagine things with her eyes closed, so I did not mention mental pictures again. However, I did not
get away from the subject, but, while talking, I mentioned the color of the dress which she wore, and asked her if she could
remember the design in the trimming of her dress. She explained the design accurately. Then I asked her which she thought
was the whitest white, a white cloud in a blue sky, or a drift of snow. She answered that she could think of nothing whiter
than the white of snow. All this time, I believe that she had had mental pictures of the white cloud and the snow, as well
as the design in the trimming of her dress. While her eyes were still covered, I asked her if she had any pain. She said no,
that she had forgotten all about it.
She was then taught to sway her body, while standing with her feet about one foot
apart. She did this very gracefully. I told her to keep up a constant blinking of her eyes as she swayed from side to side,
getting a glimpse of the letters of the test card ten feet away. She was instructed to look at only one letter at a time and
to quickly look away from the card to avoid the tendency to stare or strain. We continued to practice this for ten minutes
and in order to keep up her interest, I swayed with her all the time. Her vision improved to 10/20 and she said every letter
was clear and distinct.
In treating her again the next day, I used a different test card, the Pot Hooks card with the
letter "E" pointing in various directions. She had faithfully carried out instructions which had been given her
for home treatment, otherwise she could not have gained as much as she had in so short a time. Her vision with each eye separately
was 10/15. Other cards were used, but she did not read them so well. Sometimes this happens, especially with patients as nervous
It is strange that some of us have likes and dislikes, even with an ordinary test card. This fact ought to convince
school nurses and doctors, that when children's eyes are being examined with the various test cards, they cannot do so well
with some cards as they can with others. A person with an unsympathetic mind would scoff at the idea that a test card could
make a difference in the vision, but it is a fact which can be demonstrated.
To vary her treatment, I used a small test
card with the fundamental principles of the method, written by Doctor Bates, on the opposite side. The letters on this card
are printed in unusually large reading type at the top of the card, and they gradually decrease in size to very fine print,
or diamond type, at the bottom of the card. When she first took the small card, she held it at arm's length in order to read
the largest type on the card. Rather than worry her by telling her to hold the card closer, I took her out in the sunshine,
told her to close her eyes, and gave her the sun treatment with the sun-glass. At first she drew her head away, indicating
that she did not like it. In a soft tone of voice, which I had used from the beginning, and which I realized helped to alleviate
her nervousness and fear, I suggested that she let me try it again. I told her that babies enjoyed the sun treatment, when
the sun-glass was used on their closed eyes. I explained how many of our boys, who returned from France, after the war, enjoyed
this wonderful sun treatment which Dr. Bates had discovered was so beneficial for all sorts of eye troubles. During all the
time that I talked with her, I used the sun-glass on her eyes. I noticed that she responded, because her body relaxed and
she settled in a more comfortable position in her chair. When I stopped the movement of the sun-glass for a moment, she immediately
asked for more, so I continued using it on her closed eyes for more than twenty minutes. After this treatment she read three
sentences of the fundamental card, at eight inches from her eyes. The type of the third sentence is about the size of book
During her third treatment, she smiled most of the time, whereas she had been very sad before. She suggested that
I test her sight with a strange test card. By swaying her body from side to side, as she stood twelve feet from the card,
she read the ten line letters, one at a time, looking away from the card after seeing each letter.
Having watched her
carefully, I noticed that at times she forgot to blink. When she finished reading the card, and complained of a burning in
her eyes, I reminded her that she had not been blinking often enough while reading the test card. She then practiced blinking
often, just as the normal eye does.
I believe, she will always remember the next treatment she had. The balcony which
surrounds our office is a delightful place on sunny days, and I gave her sun treatment there for almost half an hour. Then
we turned our backs to the sun, and I placed my book, "Stories From the Clinic," in her lap. Before she started
to read, I took one of the small black test cards, with white letters, and put it on the opposite side of the page which she
was reading. By looking at a white letter of the test card, she began immediately to read sentence after sentence of the book.
For the first time in twenty years, she was able to read book type without glasses. During her last treatment, she read words
and numbers in the telephone book. Her pain was gone; she no longer wished to die, and she is now a happy woman, because she
can read her books without the aid of glasses.
Blind Aunt kate
We take pleasure in publishing the following letter from a patient of Dr. Bates.
My dear Dr.
May I take a few minutes of your time to read something very interesting which I am eager to tell you?
is the case of a smart old lady of 86. She is called "Blind Aunt Kate" and I thought when I met her, that she must
be totally blind, as I saw her grope her way along. She was unable to distinguish me from some one else although my face was
within six inches from her face. A week ago today, August 29th, I tested her eyes outdoors in the sunlight. At first she was
unable to see the large E on the black card; then she read it at eight inches, and later at eighteen inches. After palming
for five minutes, she distinguished it at twenty-eight inches and at thirty-six inches; after palming again F and P came out
at eight inches, and after palming again, at twenty-six inches. The following day she saw L, P, E, D, at thirty-five inches
and the large E at sixty-six inches. Also she was able to see all the rest of the lines at various distances and two letters
of the very last line at six inches. Today is dark and rainy, but she showed great progress after one week's work. Indoors,
she could distinguish the large E at seventy-six inches; E, P, at sixty inches and T, O, Z came out still more clearly at
sixty-nine inches. Also through the rain she could see the barn, a wagon in the yard, the path and road and a stone fence
following the road, things which she hasn't been able to see on a bright day for over a year. She also distinguished different
faces (including mine), half way across a large room.
She is so happy over her week's improvement, she says if she can
see this well for the rest of her life, she won't complain. She is very faithful in her work and would gladly do anything
more that I would suggest, but I have been afraid of directing her wrongly, though I have done nothing but have her palm,
blink frequently (she has been staring so persistently), swing her eyes horizontally, and see things moving by as she walks.
Her eye doctor here used to call her trouble an enlargement of the eyeball, and said glasses would do her no good. She wore
glasses for forty-five years and took them off a year ago. She has not read, even coarse print in four years. She says for
the past two months her eyes had failed so rapidly that she was trying to resign herself to utter blindness. She is a very
sweet, patient old lady and is quite unhappy from outside influences, so I am very eager to give her all the help for her
eyes I can. It almost seems as if my Mother's spirit has led me right to her. If you could give me some special exercises
for her to follow, I could help her even more, I'm sure, in the two weeks remaining of my vacation. On a bright day she can
see every letter of the black E card. I am just beginning to work with her on the white card but today indoors, she could
read the first three lines as far off as on the black card. I did not test her on the rest of the lines.
Hoping I am
not asking too much of an already busy man, and thanking you, I remain
The following letter came a few days later.
Dear Dr. Bates:
Your very encouraging letter was received and made both Aunt Kate and myself very happy.
I should be very glad indeed to have you publish her story, and she says too, that it would make her so happy if she thought
someone else might be helped through her experience.
She has been ill for two days so that I had to discontinue the work
on the card. She has, however, kept resting her eyes and at 6 o'clock this evening, when it was very gloomy, we sat at an
upper window together and she suddenly remarked: "Now, I can see that old stone wall across the road so plainly"!
I hope tomorrow we can resume the work with the card.
I wrote you on September 5th, which was, I believe, a dark day
and just one week from the day I first tested her eyes. The next day was sunny again and I tested her eyes with this result,
which you will agree was splendid.. The large E she saw at 174 inches; F, P at 136 inches; T. O, Z at 142 inches; L, P, E,
D at 78 inches; P, E, C, F, D at 53 inches; E, D, F, etc. at 41 inches. (All but Z, which she saw at 35 inches), D, E, F,
P, etc. at 18 inches. The last two lines she made out entirely by holding the card closer to her eyes. So, according to my
most careful measurements she saw the various lines at from five to ten and seventeen times the distance she saw them eight
I am telling you this in such detail so that you will realize there is no mistake in my previous story.
I measured the distance so carefully on each occasion. You may also make use of these latest figures in your magazine account
of Aunt Kate if you wish.
159 So. Broadway, White Plains, N. Y.
Cured in One Visit
A report from Miss Anna Woessner, Teacher of Dr. Bates Method
MADELINE, aged 12, had very poor vision for things up close, and in school
was unable distinguish figures on the blackboard. Outdoors, all objects at 20 feet or further, were blurred to her. She had
worn glasses for a year and they constantly annoyed her. When she heard about the Bates Method of treatment, and that I was
treating patients, she was eager to obtain help from me so as to discard her glasses, if possible. When I met her, the only
test card available was a small letter card with the fundamentals by W. H. Bates, M.D. printed on the opposite side. The test
card begins with the letter C which can be seen clearly with the normal eye at fifty feet. Madeline could not see even this
letter clearly at five feet. While palming I asked her to describe her doll to me. Then she told me about her bicycle and
imagined it was moving with her, as she was riding. Before she opened her eyes to look at the card, I put it off at a distance
of eight feet and told her to stand, open her eyes, sway her body, and while blinking to look at the card, then at a bird-cage
near by. Without a stop she read up to 5, C, G, O, or the letters, which are seen by the normal eye at fifteen feet. With
more practice of this kind, her vision improved from the third to the bottom line at nine feet away. These letters are read
by the normal eye at four feet.
Sun treatment was given her which she enjoyed, and this helped to improve her near vision,
so that she could read the finest print of the fundamentals on the opposite side of the small test card. Madeline had just
one treatment. Greatly encouraged, she promised to practice often every day and not put on her glasses again. One month later
I saw her again, but she did not need another treatment. Her vision was normal at the near point, as well as for the distance.
Madeline's sister Regina is 15 years of age. She has congenital astigmatism and, although she has worn glasses for ten years,
she still "hates them." Without glasses, her eyes were mere slits. Her vision was 10/40 with the left eye and 10/30
with the right.
After impressing her with the importance of shifting and blinking (which she had been very careful not
to do), I gave her a short period of sun treatment. At first this was very distressing, as she was unable to open her eyelids
for even a moment. After swaying, with closed eyes, this was overcome, and at the end of the treatment she read the greater
part of the 10 line.
After several more treatments, her vision became practically normal. She is continuing her treatment
under my supervision, and after a few more I feel confident that her vision will be normal.
Anyone wishing to confer
with Miss Woessner, can reach her by calling New York, Murray Hill 8446, or by writing her at her home in West Nyack, N. Y.
All things are in Motion;
Let's fall into time,
And Swing along
While chanting this rhyme.
Well keep our swing steady,
By Grandmother's Clock,
Its measured tick-took.
In Memory I'm seeing
A fine old elm tree;
Its low-hanging branches
Seem beck'ning to me.
A brown bird sits rocking
On that topmost limb.
I wonder who taught
Bates System to him.
With eyes all a-sparkle,
Face turned to the Sun,
His head ever turning,
White clouds float above him
In limitless blue;
His wee throat is swollen
With song, the
Teach us, then, oh brown bird,
To start our day right;
That our Eyes like yours,
May be sparkling
Written by Mrs. A. J. Campbell, patient of Dr. Jean B. Claverie, Chicago, Ill.
Questions and Answers
Q—What causes redness and smarting sensation of the eye even when plenty of sun treatment has
been given? Should one continue with sun treatment under the circumstances?
A—Take the sun treatment frequently
for five or ten minutes at a time daily, increasing the length of time until the eyes become accustomed to the sun. The eyes
should always be benefited after the sun treatment, and one should always feel relaxed. When done properly, the redness and
smarting should soon disappear. If the eyes are not benefited, it is an indication that you strain while taking the treatment.
Alternate the sun treatment with palming or closing the eyes to rest them.
Q—What makes the eyes seem extremely
heavy upon rising in the morning?
A—Eyestrain while sleeping. See the May number of "Better Eyesight"
Q—What causes a white matter to appear in the corner of the eyes after the sun treatment?
white matter in the corner of the eye is produced by infection, and is cured by the sun treatment.
Q—Is it harmful
to sit facing the sun, while reading a book in the shade, thus getting sun treatment?
A—To sit facing the sun,
while reading a book, is not injurious to the eyes, provided the patient is comfortable. Some people become uncomfortable,
which produces a strain, and the sun is of little benefit under such conditions.
Try with the sun
behind you, shining on the back, over the shoulder onto the book.
Q—Does sun treatment have to be continuous
to be effective, or can short spells be substituted?
A—Sun treatment does not have to be continuous. Short periods
are equally beneficial.
Q—Is resting the eyes by palming a more effective cure for smarting of the eyes than the
A—This depends upon the individual. Some are benefited more by palming, while others receive more
benefit from the sun treatment.
Q—Should sun treatment be moderated due to the heat of the sun—as in the
A—Take as much sun treatment as you can with the eyes closed while slowly moving the head a short distance
from side to side to avoid discomfort from the heat. Should it make you uncomfortable and nervous, lessen the length of time
that the sun treatment is employed.
Q—Is smoking in moderation injurious to the eyes?
A—Smoking in moderation
is not injurious to the eyes.
I disagree: Smoking is a main cause of health impairment, lowers circulation,
blood/oxygen to the brain, ears, eyes, causes many eye problems, including glaucoma.
Truth about tobacco not know in the past.
Q—Should motor goggles
be worn as protection against wind?
A—No protection is needed against the wind if the eyes are used correctly.
Blinking, shifting, central fixation, and the imagination of stationary objects to be moving, should be practiced while motoring,
and, in fact, all the time. Motor goggles weaken the eyes and make them sensitive to the sunlight.
protect the eyes from eye injury from insects, other debris flying into the eyes.